Structure / Market Size

The US Sector $ 12 billion valued pharmaceutical industry in India is expected to grow at an compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10-11 per cent. The industry spends around 18 per cent of its revenue on research and development (R&D).

India is one of the most significant emerging markets for the global pharmaceutical industry. Moreover, India is expected to join the league of top 10 global pharmaceuticals markets in terms of sales by 2020 with the total value reaching US$ 50 billion, according to a report by Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC).

The domestic pharma market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 15 to 20 percent to reach a value anywhere between USD 50 and 74 billion by 2020, says a PwC report titled ‘India Pharma Inc: Enhancing Value through Alliances & Partnerships’.


India’s exports of drugs, pharmaceutical & fine chemicals stood at US$ 9.26 billion during April 2010–Feb 2011, up 16.15 per cent as compared to US$ 7.97 billion in the same period during the previous year. India’s exports has recorded a growth rate of over 20.07 per cent, during the period of the two financial years in the study, the exports to rest of the world has grown by 9 per cent, according to DGCIS data from Pharmexcil Research.

India and Russia signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) last year. Another will be signed in December 2011, as per Mr Devendra Chaudhry, Joint Secretary, and Department of Pharmaceuticals. Indian pharma companies export drugs worth US$ 600 million to Russia every year. Pharma sector accounts for the largest Indian export to Russia.


The drugs and pharmaceuticals sector attracted foreign direct investments (FDI) worth US$ 4.89 billion between April 2000 and August 2011, according to the latest data published by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Indian pharmaceutical market is predicted to grow to US$ 55 billion by 2020 from US$ 12.6 billion in 2009, according to a report by McKinsey.

On the back of a high middle-class population base, improvements in medical infrastructure and the establishment of intellectual property rights, the Indian Pharma industry is estimated to grow manifold.


Generics will continue to dominate the market while patent-protected products are likely to constitute 10 per cent of the pie till 2015, according to McKinsey report ‘India Pharma 2015 – Unlocking the potential of Indian Pharmaceuticals market’. Moreover, as per a press release by research firm RNCOS, the report titled ‘Booming Generics Drug Market in India'. The report further projects the Indian generic drug market to grow at a CAGR of around 17 per cent between 2010-11 and 2012-13.

India tops the world in exporting generic medicines worth US$ 11 billion. Currently, the Indian pharmaceutical industry is one of the worlds largest and most developed, according to Mr Srikant Kumar Jena, Union Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers.

  • Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd has entered into a MoU with Tokyo-based Fujifilm Corporation to form a joint venture (JV) in Japan. The venture would develop, manufacture and promote generic drugs in Japan
  • Ranbaxy Laboratories announced that it is on track to launch the generic version of the world's largest-selling drug, Lipitor-the anti-cholesterol pill, on November 30, 2011 in the United States (US), as per Tsutomu Une, Chairman, Ranbaxy
  • Natco Pharma has applied for India's first compulsory licence to sell a generic version of Bayer's patented medicine, stating in its application that the German company's drug was unaffordable for the average Indian
  • Natco Pharma has also entered into an exclusive agreement with Mabxience, part of Chemo Sa Lugano of Switzerland. Natco will purchase four drug substances (biogenerics) from Chemo Sa Lugano and use them for manufacturing finished dosage pharma formulations
  • British consumer goods major Reckitt Benckiser is converting its Baddi plant in Himachal Pradesh into a global hub for manufacturing over-the-counter (OTC) pharmaceutical products. The facility, will export Reckitt brands as well as domestic Paras brands