The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) has forecast that by 2025, that the present lifestyle and food habits will result in 57 million Indians becoming victim of diabetes
Diabetics is one of the most common non communicable disease worldwide and a fourth leading cause of death in developed world. Presently 25 million Indians suffer from diabetes, the number of which was 19 million in 1995. If the current lifestyle and food habits do not change for better and balanced diet the number is feared to rise to 57 million by 2025 according to the study on Epidemic of New Millennium – Diabetics by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
At present out of over 1 billion of India’s population, the magnitude of diabetes is spreading at 3% in its rural population. However, in the urban population, the numbers of patients that currently suffer from diabetes are estimated at 10 to 11% of the total diabetics patients of 25 million.
The menace of diabetics is presently confined among 10% at higher level and in lower social class; it is estimated at 33%. The number of Non-insulin Dependant Diabetics Mellitus (NIDDM) in India is estimated at 98%, according to ASSOCHAM.
Cities in India
|Population suffering from Diabetics (%)|
According to Mr. Venugopal N. Dhoot, President, ASSOCHAM diabetic’s domestic scenario is alarming as seen in the above table. The Paper also estimates that by the year 2025, the number of persons with diabetes is expected to increase in developed countries by 41% from 51 million now to 72 million and by 170% in developing countries, i.e. from 84 to 228 million.
Uncontrolled diabetes can affect various parts of the body which include blood vessels, heart, kidney, eye, food and nerves, therefore, the Paper advises adequate preventive measures needed to be adopted to further control the spread of diabetics among Indian populace.
The Paper has projected that the number of diabetic patients worldwide would go over 300 million by 2025 with a percentage increase of 127.
As compared to India, United States and China have lesser number of diabetic patients as their number in China is currently estimated at 17 million against 14 million in US. The Paper further projects that diabetic’s scenario in China and US would be such that in China the diabetic patients number would touch 34 million and in case of US 21 million by 2025.
Clinical features of diabetics include general weakness, Polyuria and Polydipsia, Polyphagia and weight loss, burning feat, recurrent skin infection and frothing in urine.
The Paper concludes that larger intake of Vitamins such as Alpha-Lipoic Acide, Vitamin E, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid will keep human populace off diabetics.
Among other remedial measures to keep off diabetes from human population can be through public-private partnership in health as the 21st century is the century of technology in which the main aim is prevention and early reduction of disease.