Biogen Idec and Elan Corporation, plc announced five-times as many multiple sclerosis (MS) patients taking Tysabri (natalizumab) were free from disease activity versus placebo in the overall patient population. Results from this retrospective analysis showed that two years after beginning treatment with Tysabri, 37 per cent of patients remained free of disease activity, compared to seven per cent of placebo-treated patients. Sixty-four per cent of patients showed no sign of relapse or sustained disability progression and 58 per cent were free of radiological disease activity. Both of these measures were used to define freedom from disease activity in this analysis of the AFFIRM clinical trial. These data were published online today and in the March 2009 issue of The Lancet Neurology.
The analysis also suggests that the efficacy of Tysabri may increase over time. The data show the proportion of MS patients who were free of disease activity in the Tysabri group were greater in the second year than in the first year, while the number of MS patients in a placebo group free of disease activity stayed about the same in the second year.
"Natalizumab is the first therapy to show a robust effect on a composite of disease measures for a two-year time period. These data are encouraging because they suggest that disease remission might become an increasingly attainable goal in MS treatment," said one of the study's authors, Steven Galetta, M.D., professor of neurology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. "The ultimate treatment goal in MS, as with many other autoimmune diseases, is to help patients remain symptom free for as long as possible."
MS is a disease that attacks the central nervous system. In the United States, there are approximately 400,000 people with MS; 200 people are diagnosed with the disease each week.
"The significant efficacy of Tysabri allows us for the first time to describe response to an MS therapy in terms of freedom from disease activity, as opposed to simply a reduction in relapse rate or change in a disability scale," said Michael Panzara, MD, MPH, vice president, chief medical officer of neurology, Biogen Idec. "It is a change in thinking that raises the bar on what should be considered successful treatment of this devastating disease."
"Since we first discovered Tysabri in our labs, we have been confident in the product's efficacy and the impact it can have on improving the lives of patients," said Carlos V. Paya, MD, PhD, president of Elan.
The retrospective analysis examined the results of the phase III Natalizumab Safety and Efficacy in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (AFFIRM) study at two years to determine the effects of Tysabri in increasing the proportion of patients who were free of disease activity over two years, when compared with patients receiving placebo. AFFIRM was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The primary endpoints were rate of clinical relapse at one year and the cumulative probability of sustained disability progression at two years. In the study, patients were randomly assigned, two to one, to receive Tysabri 300 mg or placebo by intravenous infusion once every four weeks for up to 116 weeks.
The analysis showed that 383 of 596 patients (64 per cent) taking Tysabri were free of clinical disease activity over two years compared to 117 of 311 taking placebo (39 per cent). Additionally, the proportion of patients who were free of disease activity based on the composite of clinical and radiological measures in the Tysabri group was greater in the second year than in the first year (68 per cent vs. 47 per cent) but was similar for placebo (13 per cent vs. 15 per cent). Absence of disease activity was defined as no activity in clinical measures (no relapses and no sustained disability progression as defined by > or = 1.0-point increase in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score from a baseline score of > or =1.0, or a > or =1.5-point increase from a baseline score of 0.0, sustained for 12 weeks), radiological measures (no gadolinium-enhancing lesions and no new or enlarging T2-hyperintense lesions), or a composite of both measures.